Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Northern Highbush Blueberry

Northern Highbush Blueberry
The main cultivated species of blueberry , its native range is sunny, acidic, swampy areas of eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to Wisconsin and south to northern Georgia.

Commercial cultivars of highbush blueberry may also have been products of hybridizations with V. australe, especially In southern regions; also with V. lamrckii and V. brittonii in the north; and with V. arkansanum, V. simulatum and V. marianum in the south.

Michigan the leader in highbush blueberry production in United States, grow over 20 cultivars, with ‘Jersey’, ‘Bluecrop’, ‘Elliot’ and ‘Rubel’ making up the four.

The top selling cultivars were ‘Duke’, ‘Sierra’, ‘Nelson’, ‘Bluegold’, ‘Toro’, and ‘Sunrise’.

‘Weymouth’ is grown widely in New Jersey.

The breeding of northern highbush blueberries began in 1911, when Fredrick Coville of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) crossed two blueberry plants selected from the wild in New Hampshire.

On plant, called ‘Brooks’, was V. corymbosum. It was high yielding and produced berries that were unusually large (up to 12 mm in diameter and unusually light blue in color.
Northern Highbush Blueberry
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